# Source code for openquake.hmtk.seismicity.declusterer.dec_gardner_knopoff

```
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
# vim: tabstop=4 shiftwidth=4 softtabstop=4
#
# LICENSE
#
# Copyright (C) 2010-2023 GEM Foundation, G. Weatherill, M. Pagani,
# D. Monelli.
#
# The Hazard Modeller's Toolkit is free software: you can redistribute
# it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU Affero General Public
# License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version
# 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
#
# You should have received a copy of the GNU Affero General Public License
# along with OpenQuake. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>
#
# DISCLAIMER
#
# The software Hazard Modeller's Toolkit (openquake.hmtk) provided herein
# is released as a prototype implementation on behalf of
# scientists and engineers working within the GEM Foundation (Global
# Earthquake Model).
#
# It is distributed for the purpose of open collaboration and in the
# hope that it will be useful to the scientific, engineering, disaster
# risk and software design communities.
#
# The software is NOT distributed as part of GEM’s OpenQuake suite
# (https://www.globalquakemodel.org/tools-products) and must be considered as a
# separate entity. The software provided herein is designed and implemented
# by scientific staff. It is not developed to the design standards, nor
# subject to same level of critical review by professional software
# developers, as GEM’s OpenQuake software suite.
#
# Feedback and contribution to the software is welcome, and can be
# directed to the hazard scientific staff of the GEM Model Facility
# (hazard@globalquakemodel.org).
#
# The Hazard Modeller's Toolkit (openquake.hmtk) is therefore distributed
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"""
Module :mod:`openquake.hmtk.seismicity.declusterer.dec_gardner_knopoff`
defines the Gardner and Knopoff declustering algorithm
"""
import numpy as np
from openquake.hmtk.seismicity.declusterer.base import (
BaseCatalogueDecluster,
DECLUSTERER_METHODS,
)
from openquake.hmtk.seismicity.utils import decimal_year, haversine
from openquake.hmtk.seismicity.declusterer.distance_time_windows import (
TIME_DISTANCE_WINDOW_FUNCTIONS,
)
[docs]@DECLUSTERER_METHODS.add(
"decluster",
time_distance_window=TIME_DISTANCE_WINDOW_FUNCTIONS,
fs_time_prop=float,
)
class GardnerKnopoffType1(BaseCatalogueDecluster):
"""
This class implements the Gardner Knopoff algorithm as described in
this paper:
Gardner, J. K. and Knopoff, L. (1974). Is the sequence of aftershocks
in Southern California, with aftershocks removed, poissonian?. Bull.
Seism. Soc. Am., 64(5): 1363-1367.
"""
[docs] def decluster(self, catalogue, config):
"""
The configuration of this declustering algorithm requires two
objects:
- A time-distance window object (key is 'time_distance_window')
- A value in the interval [0,1] expressing the fraction of the
time window used for aftershocks (key is 'fs_time_prop')
:param catalogue:
Catalogue of earthquakes
:type catalogue: Dictionary
:param config:
Configuration parameters
:type config: Dictionary
:returns:
**vcl vector** indicating cluster number,
**flagvector** indicating which eq events belong to a cluster
:rtype: numpy.ndarray
"""
# Get relevant parameters
neq = len(catalogue.data["magnitude"]) # Number of earthquakes
# Get decimal year (needed for time windows)
year_dec = decimal_year(
catalogue.data["year"],
catalogue.data["month"],
catalogue.data["day"],
)
# Get space and time windows corresponding to each event
# Initial Position Identifier
sw_space, sw_time = config["time_distance_window"].calc(
catalogue.data["magnitude"], config.get("time_cutoff")
)
eqid = np.arange(0, neq, 1)
# Pre-allocate cluster index vectors
vcl = np.zeros(neq, dtype=int)
# Sort magnitudes into descending order
id0 = np.flipud(
np.argsort(catalogue.data["magnitude"], kind="heapsort")
)
longitude = catalogue.data["longitude"][id0]
latitude = catalogue.data["latitude"][id0]
sw_space = sw_space[id0]
sw_time = sw_time[id0]
year_dec = year_dec[id0]
eqid = eqid[id0]
flagvector = np.zeros(neq, dtype=int)
# Begin cluster identification
clust_index = 0
for i in range(0, neq - 1):
if vcl[i] == 0:
# Find Events inside both fore- and aftershock time windows
dt = year_dec - year_dec[i]
vsel = np.logical_and(
vcl == 0,
np.logical_and(
dt >= (-sw_time[i] * config["fs_time_prop"]),
dt <= sw_time[i],
),
)
# Of those events inside time window,
# find those inside distance window
vsel1 = (
haversine(
longitude[vsel],
latitude[vsel],
longitude[i],
latitude[i],
)
<= sw_space[i]
)
vsel[vsel] = vsel1[:, 0]
temp_vsel = np.copy(vsel)
temp_vsel[i] = False
if any(temp_vsel):
# Allocate a cluster number
vcl[vsel] = clust_index + 1
flagvector[vsel] = 1
# For those events in the cluster before the main event,
# flagvector is equal to -1
temp_vsel[dt >= 0.0] = False
flagvector[temp_vsel] = -1
flagvector[i] = 0
clust_index += 1
# Re-sort the catalog_matrix into original order
id1 = np.argsort(eqid, kind="heapsort")
eqid = eqid[id1]
vcl = vcl[id1]
flagvector = flagvector[id1]
return vcl, flagvector
```