This section summarizes key aspects of the exposure development for North America. Additional technical details are available in the recommended citation below.

The exposure files for North America are available at: gem/global_exposure_model.

Recommended Citation

For Canada:

Journeay, M., LeSueur, P., Chow, W., Wagner, C.L. (2022). Physical exposure to natural hazards in Canada: An overview of methods and findings. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF CANADA, OPEN FILE 8892. https://doi.org/10.4095/330012

For the United States:

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. National Structure Inventory (2023). https://www.hec.usace.army.mil/confluence/nsi/

FEMA, Federal Emergency Management Agency (2017). FEMA P-366: Hazus® Estimated Annualized Earthquake Losses for the United States.

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